How To Pray Namaz (Men)
How To Pray Namaz | How Men Pray Salaat in Islam
Namaz, also known as Salah, is the ritual prayer that Muslims perform five times a day. It is one of the five pillars of Islam and is considered to be one of the most important acts of worship. Namaz is a means of establishing a connection with Allah (God) and seeking His guidance and blessings. This article will provide a step-by-step guide on how to perform Namaz, including the required actions, recitations, and positions.
Step 1: Purification
Before performing Namaz, it is necessary to perform Wudu, the ritual ablution. This involves washing the face, hands, arms, feet, and mouth with clean water. This ritual cleansing purifies the body and soul, allowing for a more focused and pure prayer experience.
Step 2: Intention
Once Wudu is complete, the worshipper should make the intention, or Niyyah, to perform Namaz. This involves making a clear and conscious decision to pray and dedicating the prayer to Allah. The Niyyah should be made in the heart, and no specific words need to be spoken.
Step 3: Standing Position
The worshipper should stand facing the Qiblah, the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca, which is considered the holiest site in Islam. The Qiblah is indicated by a small niche, or Mihrab, in the wall of the mosque. The worshipper should stand with their feet shoulder-width apart, arms by their side, and their eyes focused on the ground in front of them.
Step 4: Takbir
The worshipper should raise their hands to their ears and say “Allahu Akbar,” which means “Allah is the greatest.” This is known as Takbir, and it marks the beginning of the prayer.
Step 5: Recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha
The worshipper should then recite Surah Al-Fatiha, the first chapter of the Quran, which is considered the most important chapter. The recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha is mandatory in every Rakat, or unit of prayer.
Step 6: Recitation of Additional Verses
After reciting Surah Al-Fatiha, the worshipper may recite additional verses from the Quran or any other prayers they choose. The number of verses recited can vary, but it is recommended to recite at least one additional verse.
Step 7: Ruku
The worshipper should then bow down into the Ruku position, placing their hands on their knees and bending their back until it is parallel to the ground. While in this position, the worshipper should recite “Subhana Rabbiyal Adheem,” which means “Glory be to my Lord, the Most High.”
Step 8: Qauma
After the Ruku position, the worshipper should stand up straight again, saying “Sami Allahu liman hamidah,” which means “Allah hears those who praise Him.” This is known as the Qauma position.
Step 9: Sujood
The worshipper should then prostrate themselves on the ground, placing their forehead, nose, hands, knees, and toes on the prayer mat. While in this position, the worshipper should recite “Subhana Rabbiyal A’la,” which means “Glory be to my Lord, the Most High.”
Step 10: Jalsa
After the Sujood position, the worshipper should sit upright, with their feet flat on the ground and their hands resting on their thighs. This is known as the Jalsa position.
Step 11: Sujood Again
The worshipper should then perform the Sujood position again, repeating the same recitation as before.
Step 12: Second Rakat
After completing the first Rakat, the worshipper should stand up and begin the second Rakat by reciting Takbir once again.
Step 13: Recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha and Additional Verses
The worshipper should recite Surah Al-Fatiha and any additional verses they choose, just as they did in the first Rakat.
Step 14: Ruku, Qauma, Sujood, and Jalsa
The worshipper should then perform the Ruku, Qauma, Sujood, and Jalsa positions again, just as they did in the first Rakat.
Step 15: Tashahhud
After the second Rakat, the worshipper should sit in the Jalsa position and recite the Tashahhud, a declaration of faith in Allah and His Prophet Muhammad (SAW).
Step 16: Salam
The worshipper should then turn their head to the right and say “Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah” to the person sitting on their right side. They should then turn their head to the left and say the same thing to the person on their left side. This is known as Salam, and it marks the end of the prayer.
Namaz is an essential act of worship in Islam, and performing it correctly is important for Muslims. It is a means of establishing a connection with Allah and seeking His guidance and blessings. By following the steps outlined in this article, Muslims can perform Namaz correctly and reap the spiritual benefits it offers. It is important to note that while this guide provides a general outline of Namaz, there may be slight variations in the way it is performed based on regional or cultural traditions. However, the essential elements remain the same, and the intent and focus on worship remain the same.